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Their most important work is Kannasa Ramayanam which is an important link between RamacharitamMlaayala and Ezhuthachan ‘s Adhyathmaramayanam.

For the first years of the Malayalam sahithjamMalayalam literature remained in a preliminary stage. The main development in the cultural field in Kerala in the 17th century was the growth of a new form of visual art called Kathakaliwhich brought into being a new genre of poetry called Attakkatha consisting of the libretto used for a Kathakali performance. The earliest of the aattakathas is believed to be a cycle of eight Ramayana stories collectively known as Ramanattamcomposed by Kottarakkara Tampuran and about whose date there is an ongoing controversy.

The specific problem is: Malayalam literature passed through a tremendous process of sahitjyam in the 15th and 16th centuries. Sreenarayanguru, kumaranasan, Pandit karupan, Sahodharan Ayyappan, Poykayil Appachan, are the main poets in kerala based on these Elements.

These plays were seldom acted. Ramacharitham is a collection of poems written at the end of the preliminary stage in Malayalam literature’s evolution. Born in Killikkurussimangalamhe spent his boyhood at Kudamalur and youth at Ambalappuzha.


But the foundations for the great renaissance that began at the end of the century were laid during this period. In malayalla court of Travancore king Marthanda Varma — and his successor Dharma Raja Kartika Tirunal Rama Varmathere flourished a number of poets distinguished in several ways. Tholana legendary court poet in the period of the Kulasekhara kings, is believed to have started this practice. The style of these poets became quite popular for a while and influenced even others who were not members of the group like Velutheri Kesavan Vaidyar — and Perunlli Krishnan Vaidyan — The next work to be mentioned is Ramakathapattuas it is popularly known, though the author calls it Ramayanakavyam.


The poem is written under the pen-name Amruthanilakshi, and some believe that it was written in CE. Champus were mostly works of satire and hyperbole was a regular feature of it.

It was a landmark in the history of Malayalam literature and initiated the novel as a new flourishing genre. Ramacharitham is considered a book written during the formative mxlayala of Malayalam. Meanwhile, many literary magazines were established to encourage all kinds of writers and writings, such as C.

Dravidian metres are used throughout although there is a quatrain in a Sanskrit metre. The language of the later Champus reads more like modern Malayalam than that of the earlier Champus and Sandesa Kavyas.

Punam also wrote a Bharatam Champoo. More Published in the monthly periodical Rajyasamacharam December edition.

Malayalam literature – Wikipedia

Several regional versions of Keralolpathitracing the beginnings of Kerala history, began to appear in the 18th century. Mahishamangalam or Mazhamangalam Narayanan Nambudiri who lived in the 16th century is the author of some of the best Champus of all time.

More Regarded as the first short-story of Malayalam literature. The most prominent among these were songs praising the goddesses of the land, ballads of brave warriors, songs related to the work of a particular caste and songs intended just for entertainment. Chandhu Menon ‘s Indulekha was the first major novel in Malayalam language.


Another poet of this category is Irayimman Thampi — Margamkali was the form of ritual and entertainment among the Syrian Christians corresponding to the Sanghakali of the Brahmins.

More Translation of Tales from Shakespeare: This was one of the numerous pieces of Christian literature that must have gained currency in the 16th and 17th centuries. Translation of Tales from Shakespeare: The most representative of the early Manipravalam works are the tales of courtesans Achi Charitams and the Message Poems Sandesa Kavyas. There is some dispute about the author’s name and his identity.

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Views Read Edit View history. Since the four aattakatha s he wrote Bakavadham, Kalyanasaugandhikam, Kirmeeravadham and Kalakeyavadham punctiliously conform to the strict rules of Kathakali, they are particularly favoured by orthodox artistes and their patrons. It points out that the rules of Sanskrit prosody should be sahiyhyam in Manipravalam poetry.

The Kilippattu form he adopted in Ramayanam and Bharatam may be a pointer malayaala his recognition of the importance of sound effect in poetry. List of Malayalam-language authors and List of Malayalam-language authors by category.

Malayalam literature

Margamkalippattu is the song for this performance depicting the story of Thomas the Apostle. Doothavakyam 14th century CE is one of the earliest of these works. The Vanchippattu or Boat song is a poetic form of folk origin composed entirely in the Dravidian metre nathonnata.