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The four Khulafa of the Holy Prophet (SAW) are known as the Khulafa-e- Rashideen or the rightly guided successors. This Application is made on the biography. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah. Transcript of The Khulafa Rashideen. Death of Abu Bakr (r) Abu Bakr had gotten a fever on the 7th of Jumada al-Akhira 13 A.H. The illness.

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Also known as Rasideen Possessor of Two Lights because he married two Muhammad’s daughters Assassinated at the end of a siege upon his house [42] [43].

By now, almost the whole of Iraq was under Islamic control. It is an important fact to note that Umar never participated in any battle as a commander of a Muslim Army throughout his life. The caliphate arose out of the death of Muhammad in CE and the subsequent debate over the succession to his leadership.

Retrieved 15 September They decided to conquer Jerusalem. These cities were laid in according with the principles of town planning. February Learn how and when to remove khylafa template message.

I know you are the same people who had raised the same question about his father. The Hell of Walaja”. Of all people, you were the best Companion to the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ; you possessed the best qualities; you had the best past; you ranked the highest; and you were closest to him.

Rashidun – Wikipedia

Islamic jurists later formulated the concept of the rule of law, the equal subjection of all classes to the ordinary law of the land, where no person is above the law and where officials and private citizens are under a duty to obey the same law. Webarchive template wayback links Webarchive template webcite links Articles lacking in-text citations from February All articles lacking in-text citations Wikipedia references cleanup from September All articles needing references cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify Articles with multiple maintenance issues Articles containing Arabic-language text Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from July Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from February Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April During Umar’s reign, the governor of Syria, Muawiyah Isent a request to build a naval force to invade the islands of the Mediterranean Sea but Umar rejected the proposal because of the risk of death of soldiers at sea.

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Al-Mawardi also said in emergencies when there is no caliphate and no majlis, the people themselves should create a majlis, select a list of candidates for caliph, then the majlis should select from the list of candidates. By the s, the caliphate in addition to the Arabian Peninsula had subjugated the Levantto the Transcaucasus in the north; North Africa from Egypt to present-day Tunisia in the west; and the Iranian plateau to parts of Central Asia and South Asia in the west.

The Rashidun Caliphate Arabic: Uthman made Egypt one province and created a new province comprising North Africa. Capable men who would lead well were preferred over an ineffectual direct heir, as there was no basis in the majority Sunni view that the head of state or governor should be chosen based on lineage alone.

The ease with which this valuable province was wrenched from the Byzantine Empire appears to have been due to the treachery of the governor of Egypt, Cyrus[51] Melchite i. Of all people, you respect those who are most obedient to Allah and who fear Him the most.

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Later during the year, Abu Ubaida sent Khalid and Iyad ibn Ghanm at the head of two separate armies against the western part of Jaziramost of which was conquered without strong resistance, including parts of Anatolia, Edessa and the area up to the Ararat plain.

A separate Accounts Department was also set up and it was required to maintain record of all that was spent.

Rashidun Caliphate

During the caliphate, the Muslims repaired many of the aging wells in the lands they conquered. Shi’te Muslims support this claim with ahadith like those of Ghadir Khumm Arabic: Cyrus had persecuted the local Coptic Christians.

That matter had already been decided at Ghadir Khumm. During his reign Uthman gave Muawiyah permission to build a navy after concerning the matter. In an analysis of the shura chapter of the Qur’an, Qutb argued Islam requires only that the ruler consult with at least some of the ruled usually the elitewithin the general context of God-made laws that the ruler must execute. Muhammad gave a long sermon, part of which states:.

After a protest turned into a siege, Uthman refused rshideen initiate any military action, in order to avoid civil war between Muslims, and preferred negotiations. Rather than just relying on impeachment, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani obliged rebellion upon the people if the caliph began to act with no regard for Islamic law.

Within a few weeks, he decided to defeat them all separately in order to avoid the risk of defeat by a large unified Persian army. Arab Renaissance House — Beirut, Lebanon. Bani Hashim appeared as the first clan.