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These scriptures are known as Jain Agam or Agam Sutras. The Agam Sutras teach great reverence for all forms of life, strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism . Jain Agam Literature Compiled by. Pravin K. Shah Jain Study Center of NC ( Raleigh). Background. Lord Mahavir’s preaching was orally complied by his. Agamas are original texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. The discourse delivered in a samavasarana (divine preaching hall) is called.

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Mahavira taught the doctrine of anekantavada many-sided reality.

BBC – Religions – Jainism: Jain texts

PawapuriMagadha present-day Bihar, India. This agam describes the story of King Konika’s children. However, it appears from literature referencing this agam that it contained prayers of Lord Mahavir. The existing Agam Sutras are accepted as the authentic preaching of Lord Mahavir by the Swetambar sects, but the Digambar sect does not accept them as authentic.

Jain Agamas

This page was last edited on 7 Decemberat The Jains have used several languages at different times and in different regions of India. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya.

By Shredding of the karmic particles, the soul acquires perfect knowledge. He abandoned all worldly possessions at the age of 30 and left home in pursuit of spiritual awakeningbecoming an ascetic.

Only scattered chapters of this agam are now available. Under such circumstances they could not preserve the entire canonical literature. The Jain literature includes both religious texts and books on generally secular topics such as sciences, history, and grammar.

For other uses, see Agama disambiguation. The description, which is found in the other Jain Sutras relating to Drashtivada, indicates that this Ang-agam was the largest of all Agam Sutras.


According to Svetambara tradition, the agamas were collected on the basis of collective memory of the ascetics in the first council of Pataliputra under the stewardship of Sthulibhadra in around to — BC.

This article is about Jain scriptures. Agam literature is also divided into two groups: Views Read Edit View history. Scholars such as Karl Potter consider his biography uncertain; some suggest that he lived in the 5th century BC, contemporaneously with the Buddha.

Religion and Ethics home Interfaith calendar Ethics guides. Monk Keshi made the king a follower of the Jain religion.

Jain Agama Literature

Non-agam literature consists of commentary and explanation of Agam agamax, and independent works, compiled by ascetics and scholars. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya. Webarchive template wayback links Webarchive template webcite links Good articles Use dmy dates from December Use Indian English from September All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia All self-contradictory articles Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October Commons category link from Wikidata CS1 maint: Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so.

Retrieved from ” https: Mahavira is best remembered in the Indian traditions for his teaching that ahimsa is the supreme moral virtue. Acharya Gunadhara wrote the Kasay-pahud. Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana. Agamas were lost during the same famine that the purvas were lost in.

This is the oldest agam from a linguistic point of view. The lack of detail and uain mythical nature of legends about Parshvanatha, [] [] combined with medieval-era Svetambara texts portraying Parsvites as “pseudo-ascetics” with “dubious practices of magic and astrology”, have led scholars to debate the evidence of Parshvanatha’s historicity.


This agam describes the method of concentrated meditation Dhyana ajin one should observe through the description of Radhavedha. After attaining Kevala JnanaMahavira taught that observance of the vows of ahimsa non-violencesatya truthasteya non-stealingbrahmacharya chastityand aparigraha non-attachment is necessary for spiritual liberation.

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism. During this time the knowledge of the doctrine was getting lost. The goal of these principles is to achieve spiritual peace, a better rebirth, or ultimately liberation.

The Digambar sect believes that all Ang-bahya-agams were also gradually lost starting about two hundred years after Lord Mahavir’s Nirvan. The digambaras maintain that original agamas were lost and knowledge of only one anga is available.

Jain Agamas (Digambara)

All Jain sects believe that knowledge of the Purvas Drastivad was gradually lost starting about one agakas fifty years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvan death. The knowledge of Shruta-Jnanamay be of things which are contained in the Angas Limbs or sacred Jain books or of things outside the Angas. Mahavira’s previous births are recounted in Jain texts such as the Mahapurana and Tri-shashti-shalaka-purusha-charitra.

Lord Mahavir’s preaching were orally compiled into many texts scriptures by his disciples. They were compiled immediately after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana death.

They included a denizen of hell, a lion, and a god deva in a heavenly realm just before his last birth as the 24th tirthankara. Table showing Anga scriptures. The doctrine of multiple viewpoints Sanskrit: Mahavira agamad intense meditation and severe austerities for 12 years, after which he is believed to have attained Kevala Jnana omniscience.