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The Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. INSTRUCTIONS: Mark down the point value of each of these life events that has . History. In , psychiatrists Thomas Holmes and Richard. Rahe examined over patient’s medical records to determine whether stressful events cause. Their results were published as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) [1] , now commonly known as the Holmes and Rahe Stress.

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Citing articles via Web of Science 1. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

SRRS – Stressful Life Events and Daily Hassles | Simply Psychology

Each participant was tested once a month for ten consecutive months using the two stress measures together with another two psychometric tests for psychological well-being. For Permissions, please email: They found the hassles scale tended to be a more accurate predictor of stress related problems, such as anxiety and depression, than the SRRS. This page was last edited on 3 Novemberat Over the next six months, detailed records were kept of the sailors’ health.

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Malaysians exhibited different attitudes implying different stress at the same score. Journal of psychosomatic research, 11, Most people experience major life events infrequently hence a better measure might look at the stresses and strains of daily life [ 10 ].


The Holmes-Rahe Stress Inventory

A positive correlation of 0. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.

Post-traumatic growth in ex- military personnel: A total value for stressful life events can be worked out by adding up the scores for each event experienced over a 12 month period. Kanner et al were interested in investigating whether it is daily hassles, rather than major life events that are the most stressful. Items Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects.

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. More events mean a higher score. The scale assumes that each stressor affects stres the same way.

Stress and Life Events

Related articles in Web rzhe Science Google Scholar. Kanner et al has designed a Hassles Scale which consists of items, including concerns about losing things, traffic jams, arguments, disappointments, weight and physical appearance. The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect.

By using this site, you agree strss the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The questionnaire is free to use and downloadable [ 1 ].

Journal of behavioral medicine4 1 Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. Each one of the 43 stressful life events was awarded a Life Change Unit depending on how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale: The total score on the SRRS was recorded for each participant.


Prediction of near-future health change from subjects’ preceding life changes. Psychosocial predictors of illness behavior and failure in stressful training.

Insteess Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe examined the medical records of over 5, medical patients as a way to determine whether stressful events might cause illnesses.

This suggests weakness of the SRRS in certain areas, with different cultural group reactions to different life events.

Most people experience major life events very infrequently. The reliability of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale: Loneliness and social isolation of military veterans: Uplifts had a positive effect on the stress levels of women, but not men. Not necessarily true e. Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events. Rahe carried out a study in testing the validity of the stress scale as a predictor of illness.