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GridBagLayout is one of the most flexible — and complex — layout managers the Java platform provides. A GridBagLayout places components in a grid of rows. Following is the declaration for gLayout class − public class GridBagLayout extends Object implements LayoutManager2, Serializable. Component; import ner; import gConstraints; import gLayout; import ; import JButton.

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Now that you know the basics, and have the abstract view needed to design Frames using the GridBagLayout, let’s see how to use it for your layout.

It does this by trying to divide the weight of the component among the ranks in the griddbaglayout proportions that the length or height of the component will be shared by the ranks.

Only declare variables like JPanel as a property of the class when you need them for further things, because they consume memory.

It is also simply a gridaglayout ugly both in model and implementation. Therefore, topRow has its own layout manager, with three horizontal cells, allowing each button in the row to have a grid width of 1.

SWING GridBagLayout Class

Note that if you enlarge the window, the last row is the only one that gets taller. All the added objects behind the anchor will be affected by it, be conscious of that. Horizontal, Left-to-Right Figure 3: The button in the second row spans all the columns; the button in the third row spans the two right columns. GridBagLayout allows another kind of relative positioning in which you specify where, in a row or a column, the component should be placed overall using the gridwidth and gridheight fields of GridBagConstraints.


The West button is unnaturally tall, which means that the middle row of the layout must be taller than the others. Similarly, each row’s weight is related to the highest weighty specified for a component within that row. And before setting the constraints of the next component, the code resets the value of ipady to the default:. The componentAdded method is very simple. The information in this field is based on the most recent validation of the gridbag.

How to Use GridBagLayout

Here is a picture of an example that uses GridBagLayout. Instead of invoking methods on a GridBagConstraints object, you manipulate its instance variables, as described in Specifying Constraints. To do gridbaglayoyt, set the gridwidth and gridheight variables of the GridBagConstraints.

Dimension maximumLayoutSize Container target Returns the maximum dimensions for this layout given the components in the specified target container. The following figure shows the grid for the preceding applet.

Always assign at least 1 to width and height! Grjdbaglayout components positioned above the baseline can only grow as tall as the baseline. GridBagLayout does not allow components to span multiple rows unless the component is in the leftmost column or you have specified positive jaca and gridy values for the component.

Oracle Documentation, my experience and help of others such as MadProgrammer. So first of all, you will need to understand what is GridBagLayout. Ggridbaglayout easiest way to associate a set of constraints with a component is to use the version of add that takes both a component object and a layout object as arguments.

SWING – GridBagLayout Class

The value is specified as an Insets object. If none of the components in the row has a valid baseline, the row does not have a baseline. Gridx and Gridy are always 0 by default.


Now, there’s one method I want to show you that’s very useful. In addition to its constraints object, the GridBagLayout also considers each component’s minimum and preferred sizes in order to determine a component’s size. You can find the gridgaglayout source file in GridBagLayoutDemo. This resizing behavior is based on weights the program assigns to individual components in the GridBagLayout.

This layout consists of three components: Antonio Aguilar 1 2 Combining layout managers is an extremely useful trick. GridBagLayoutDemo has two components that span multiple columns buttons 4 and 5. GridBagLayout uses the weights determined by the first round of calculations to split up the weight of the component over the ranks that it occupies.

Using GridBagConstraints : GridBagConstraints « Swing « Java Tutorial

Possible values are GridBagConstraints. Granted, this example gridbag,ayout on overkill. Similarly, not all columns necessarily have the same width. Invalidates the layout, indicating that if the layout manager has cached information it should be discarded.

The following discussion assumes that the GridBagLayout controls a container that has a left-to-right component orientation. This example uses one GridBagConstraints instance for all the components the GridBagLayout manages, however in real-life situations it is recommended that you do not reuse GridBagConstraintsas this can very easily lead to you introducing subtle gridbaglaout if you forget to reset the fields for each new instance.

The default value is 1.

So, gridx corresponds to 1,2,