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Questions Response Code. Activity at Work. Q1. Does your work involve vigorous -intensity activity that causes large increases in breathing or. GPAQ: a survey tool to help practices improve their services to patients. The GPAQ questionnaire fulfills the requirements for the practice patient survey, GP. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its.

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LA designed the study. Yet, the coefficients for glaq illiterate groups, in both places, were better than those with primary and high-school education. Several reasons may explain the low validity of GPAQ for our rural population as opposed to the urban sample; firstly, the dominant work-related PA in rural area is farming, it is a hard work that involves digging, cutting crops, rice processing, carrying heavy loads etc.

DM designed the study, carried out the data analysis and interpretation. This could be more problematic if quetsionnaire is strong seasonal variation.

We have presented correlations for total sample and by subgroup. After data entry, range and consistency were checked. The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. This may quesitonnaire that lowering the cut-point may improve the indicators for GPAQ validity.

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

To the best of our knowledge this is the first validity study of the GPAQ in Bangladesh using accelerometer and also including rural population. The most extensive study to date assessing the validity of the GPAQ was conducted in — in nine countries including Bangladesh [ 12 ]. Accelerometers are a widely used alternative for objective measurement as they are relatively less expensive, feasible, have been validated against DLW and showed a good level of reliability [ 644 ].

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In conclusion, the present study adds important new data on the validity of the widely-used GPAQ for estimating PA and SB levels in a low income country.

Data analysis After data entry, range and consistency were checked. Das P, Horton R. Another limitation could be that the urban sample was comprised of volunteers from a workplace setting, thus the results may not have complete reflection of the general urban population.

Training sessions were properly guided by the facilitators and supervisors. However, a study conducted on a Chilean population found the single question from the GPAQ had fair validity for measuring SB, though poor ability for correctly classifying individuals into tertiles or quartiles of SB [ 30 ].

questionnnaire A significant, low level of agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometer data for sitting was observed rho: Six trained research assistants with a minimum of university graduation were recruited for data collection.

In case of education, the patterns of the correlations were inconsistent and did not follow gradient, however, higher questionhaire was found in tertiary education group than other groups. There are 12 different employment grades from the highest grade e.

Accelerometers are considered as more accurate than self-report for measuring time spent in different intensities and therefore used as criterion in validation of subjective self-report questionnaires [ 22 ].

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

We used the GPAQ scoring protocol [ 21 ] to create the ypaq indicators: For education subgroups, the patterns of the correlations were inconsistent and did not follow gradient. Compendium of physical activities: Main stratification was done by place, but further stratified by gender, age and education.

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The authors wish to thank all participants of the study, data collectors and research assistants. SJM designed the study, acquired the data, carried out the data analysis and interpretation, and drafted the gpaqq. The GPAQ was developed with special consideration of key physical activity domains in developing questinonaire and of a length and complexity suitable for inclusion in STEPS [ 11 ].

Our results contradict some findings from the nine countries validity study by Bull et al. It could be better explained if we know the pattern of activities of rural Bangladesh where PA varies with seasonality. Physical activity by self-report: The agreement for categorization questionnnaire participants into meeting sufficient physical activity level was fair for all participants Kappa: In male overall correlation across indicators of PA was not seen, whereas other studies showed reverse result [ 64041 ].

Additionally, we followed WHO guidelines for administering the GPAQ, provided intensive training on data collection staff and close supervision during data collection to minimize avoidable sources of measurement error. Physical activity assessment with accelerometers: A multi-site study of nine Asian rural areas including Bangladesh showed that PA was lower in the middle of the harvest season and questionnaie during the more intensive harvest period [ 39 glaq.

The effect of social desirability and social approval on selfreports of physical activity. Availability of data and materials The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Table 1 Characteristics of the study subjects according to rural and urban.