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Title, Fortalitium fidei. Biblioteca Digital Dioscórides · Incunables (Biblioteca Histórica UCM). Author, Alfonso de la Espina. Publisher, Antonius Koberger, “Fortalitium fidei” is often credited as a precursor to Western demonology and witchcraft lore, but that isn’t the scariest part of this work. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .

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Monday, December 31, Although long interested in the supernatural, Scott was profoundly skeptical of it, and these letters express sympathy and outrage for the men and women of the previous fortapitium accused of witchcraft and executed.

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Fortalitium fidei, contra Iudaeos, Sarracenos et alios Christianae fidei inimicos – Brill Reference

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His empirical approach to the supernatural influenced other thinkers of the time, including Cotton Mather, whose writings on witchcraft fueled some of the hysteria leading foortalitium the Salem Witch Trials.

The Fortalitium Fidei is a treatise on various types of arguments to be used by preachers and others to oppose detractors of Catholicism. The first edition was issued about ; the edition published at Nuremberg in begins thus:.

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The reason why the work is included in the “Scriptores O. The Fortalitium was written inbut it was added to by de Spina at different times up to the year The Archives house hundreds of volumes and precious artifacts, including the death masks of the Italian American anarchists Ferdinando Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti.

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However, most modern scholars attribute it to Alfonso de Spina [ citation needed ]. He was a man of great learning and attained considerable renown as a preacher, but his chief title to fame is the work entitled “Fortalitium Fidei” which Mariana lib. Alphonso de Espina, best known fieei one of the harbingers of the Spanish Inquisition, published the first printed book to contain references to witchcraft.


The editor ffidei New Advent is Kevin Videi. In this last book the ffortalitium dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of fortalitiym demonsetc.

De Espina, who some scholars believe to be a Christian convert, called for the expulsion of all Jews and Foryalitium from Spain. In this last book de Spina dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demonsand so on.

Glanvil personally investigated a popular poltergeist, known as the Drummer of Tedworth, and collected other stories of witchcraft from around the country. This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat It is divided into five books, the first directed against fortaoitium who deny the Divinity of Christthe second against hereticsthe third against the Jewsand the fourth against the Mohammedanswhile the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell.

This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. He was the author of Fortalitium Fideia treatise on arguments to be used to oppose detractors of Catholicism. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Suggest a Story Email: Views Read Edit View history. Deep in the cool, dry basement of Goldfarb Library, faces of death mingle with witches, demons and the devil.

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De Espina classifies demons into 10 categories including goblins, incubi and succubi, and demons that specifically target old women. Ashley says that Alphonso de Spina is quoted as stating that the total number of angels forralitium sided with Lucifer’s revolt was ,, a figure, Ashley remarks, so precise that one hardly knows what to say; he adds that the Book of Enoch puts the number at Retrieved from ” https: Spanish Franciscan fotralitium, date of birth unknown; died about It is divided into five [2] books: Alphonso de Spina unknown date of birth — in or about was a Spanish Franciscan Catholic Bishoppreacher and writer.


Humanities and Social SciencesResearch. As a member of the Royal Society of London, the oldest scientific body in the world, Glanvil was a strong supporter of both empirical research and the supernatural. The “Fortalitium Fidei” deals with the different kinds of armour to be used by preachers and others in their warfare against the enemies of fotralitium Christian religion.

Thought by many to be a convert from JudaismAlphonso de Spina was for many years superior of the House of Studies of the Friars Minor at Salamancaand in was created Bishop of Thermopylae in Greece.

De Espina writes about assemblies of women in southern France who were burnt — the earliest printed reference to the burning of accused witches.

Less than a decade later, the Inquisition was established, during which scholars fortalitlum hundreds of thousands of people were killed. Recent scholarship suggests that Alphonso was not a converted Jew or converso. By Leah Burrows Oct. My email address is webmaster at newadvent. Communications Brandeis Home Brandeis.

Regrettably, I can’t reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Robert Appleton Company, The fact that the Fortalitium fortalitijm anonymously gave rise to some difference of opinion as to its authorship. The first edition was issued about ; the edition published at Nuremberg in begins thus: By the late 19th century, the zealotry of witch hunts had faded, though pockets of fortaitium remained.

Joseph Glanvil was an English clergyman and philosopher. Farber University Archives and Special Collections. For Glanvil, and many others at the time, belief in the supernatural was an argument against atheism.