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In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.

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Inthis species was reintroduced successfully to Poland and a project has recently been initiated to reintroduce it into Germany. The belly is yellow, the chin and the throat are white. Whilst hibernating, animals survive on stored reserves of fat that they have accumulated in summer. It has a slender build with a short soualik tail. The females give birth to up to 7 young, rarely 9. It is a diurnal animal, living in colonies of individual burrows in pastures or grassy embankments.

For instance if the payments in AES require late mowing of grasslands due to focus on some bird species, this can harm some species which need short grass throughout the vegetation season end of May and June — like European souslik.

X Close Image credit. Following 25 days of development in the womb, the females give birth to a litter of 4 to 11 young which receive milk for around 30 days before being weaned. Glossary Endemic A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area. This includes a range of natural and artificial habitats such as steppe grassland, pasture, vineyards, sports fields and golf courses 1. The Rufford Small Europsan Foundation: They reach sexual maturity in one year.

Living species of tribe Marmotini ground squirrels. The European ground squirrel Spermophilus citellusalso known as the European souslikis a species from the squirrel family, Sciuridae.


It breeds once yearly. Mammal Species of the World: European sousliks mate only once a year.

There are also extinct S. Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Urbanisation, residential and commercial development as well as traffic development with subsequent problems such as the barrier effect, mortality due to collision with vehicles, pollution etc.

The diet of the European souslik consists primarily of plant material, including nuts, seeds, and grains; however, individuals may also consume small invertebrates, small vertebrates, and bird’s eggs. Citellus declared in that the species is threatened over most of its range. The legs are powerful with sharp claws well adapted for digging. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.

The north-western part extends through Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, northern Serbia and western Romania, whilst the south-eastern part extends from eastern Serbia, Macedonia and northern Greece through Bulgaria, southern and western Romania to European Turkey, Moldova and Ukraine.

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European ground squirrel

The large dark eyes are placed high on the head and the small, rounded soulsik are hidden in the fur. European ground squirrel habitat An inhabitant of open landscape without dense vegetation cover, the European ground squirrel is normally found in short-grass habitats on light, well-drained soils 1 3.

Tropical ground squirrel N. They reach maturity the following spring and may live for eight to ten years. It may NOT be used within Apps. The European ground squirrel belongs to a genus commonly europpean to as the sousliks, with representatives spread throughout the northern hemisphere from California to China 3. Rodents of Unusual Size.


The European ground squirrel is endemic to central and southeastern Europe where its range is divided by the Carpathian Mountains.

Baja California rock squirrel Spermophilus atricapillus. Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. Detailed mapping of the distribution, explanation of the intraspecific structure [7] and assessment sousllik the state of the numbers of local populations and their habitats. Alashan ground squirrel S. Historically, its western boundary extended into southeast Germany 1 2. Other species of the genus are found in Asia, but most of them in Skuslik America, where they range from Mexico to Alaska.

European Souslik :: Red Data Book of Bulgaria

The European ground squirrel has a shrill alarm call that will cause all other individuals in the vicinity to dive for cover. It feeds on grasses, other plants, flowers, seeds, cultivated crops, insects and occasionally the eggs of ground nesting birds or their chicks.

After a gestation period of days, a litter of young is born. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. It has a head-body length of cm and a body-weight of g. Conservation Genetics9: In some habitats it might be europeam an important consumer of primary production able to limit spreading of some plant species, including invasive plants, such as the Silver-leaved Nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium.

The European souslik is a small, marmot-like animal with a relatively slender body and short legs. Vol 15, Mammals IV. Secondarily sousli, are found in meadows and fields. The ears are short and the tail is relatively long mm. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.