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In March representatives from all of Saint-Domingue’s departments were elected to the Assembly, which completed the constitution in May. Toussaint signed it in. L’indépendance d’Haïti est proclamée le 1er janvier Jean-Jacques Dessalines, ancien esclave, devenu chef des troupes insurgées après la capture de. Le 29 Mars , nous, le peuple Haïtien, avons voté la constitution haïtienne pour doter le pays d’une démocratie basée sur la diversité politique, la justice.

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Constitution of by Haiti

Except where the perpetrator of a crime is caught in the act, no one may be arrested or detained other than by written order of a legally competent official. Art 31 — The citizen who will have been chosen by General Toussaint Louverture to take the reins of government upon his death, will take a vow to the Central Assembly to execute the Constitution of Sant-Domingue and to remain attached constutution the French government, and will be immediately installed in his functions, all of this in the presence of the army generals in active service and the commanders-in-chief of the departments who will all, individually and without cease will pledge to the new governor the vow of obedience to his orders.

Art 66 — All persons have the right to address individual petitions to any constituted authority, and especially to the governor. He declares war, and negotiates and signs peace treaties with the approval of the National Assembly.

Sitwayen l yo egal ego. Art 40 — If the Governor is informed that there is in the works some conspiracy against the tranquility of the colony, he has immediately arrested the persons presumed to be its authors, executors or constiturion.

Haïti: Constitution de

Each House has the right to amend and to divide articles and gaitienne proposed. Following this each elected Senator shall have a term of six 6 years.


Government employees and officials may form associations to defend their rights under the conditions established by law. Each House shall, in accordance with its regulations appoint its staff, establish discipline for them and determine the manner in which they shall perform their duties.

No one may be compelled to take an oath except in the cases and in the manner provided for by law. Art 45 — The colony has a tribunal de cassationwhich pronounces on all requests for appeals against the decisions rendered by appeals courts, and complaints against an entire tribunal.

The right to own real property is accorded to aliens resident in Haiti for the needs of their sojourn in the country.

Constitution of 1801

Have attained forty 40 years of age; 3. Uses of property haitieenne be contrary to the general interest. Sessions of the National Assembly are public. Meetings of the two 2 Houses are public. If, at that session, and even in the case of replacement of the Houses no agreement is reached on the law when it is introduced again, each House shall appoint, by taking a vote on a list of an equal number of members, a parliamentary committee to decide on the final text that will be submitted to the two 2 Assemblies, beginning with the one that originally voted on constituion law.

Continuous residence abroad constiuttion a naturalized Haitian without duly granted authorization by a competent official. Constitute a socially just, economically free, and politically independent Haitian nation. Art 9 constitutin Since marriage, by its civil and religious institution, tends to the purity of morals, those spouses who practice the virtues demanded by their state, will always be distinguished and specially protected by the government.

The Council also drafts the Electoral Bill that it submits to the Executive Branch for the necessary purposes.

In the event the Legislature is convened in special session, it may not decide on any matter other than that for which it was called. If within the prescribed deadline, the President of the Republic has made expiration, the bill must be promulgated unless the session haitjenne the Legislature has ended before exploration of the deadline, in which case, the bill is deferred.


Constitution of Haiti

No tax exemption, increase, decrease or elimination may be established except by law. The House of Deputies is a body composed of members elected connstitution direct suffrage by the citizens and is responsible for exercising, on their behalf and in concert with the Senate, the functions of the legislative branch. If such consent is not given, the party concerned may lodge an appeal with the court of competent jurisdiction.

Two 2 equal sized horizontal bands: Se lalwa ki di nan ki kondisyon. The President of the Republic shall receive a monthly salary from the Public Treasury upon taking the oath of office. Persons detained temporarily awaiting trial must be held separately from those who are serving sentence.

The State recognizes the constitutoon of every citizen to decent housing, education, food and social security.

Officials guilty of the above offenses are entitled to only the twenty-year statute of limitation. In the event of a serious offense committed in the discharge of their duties, the members of the Permanent Electoral Council are liable for prosecution before the High Court of Justice. Art 55 — The colonial gendarmerie is part of the armed force.

Art 20 — No law relative to the internal administration of the colony can be promulgated unless it bears the following formula: Assist the Nation in the event of a natural disaster; f.