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Birkat Hamazon, Meein Shalosh, Boreh Nefashot & Bracha Achrona: Nusach Ashkenaz, Sefarad, Edot Hamizrach & Teiman – provided for the public benefit. Learn how to sing the blessings for grace after meals. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish.

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This invitation is called a zimmun. Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Pages using deprecated image syntax Articles containing Yiddish-language text. Among those who do practice mayim acharonimthe majority simply pour a small amount of water over their finger tips. Accordingly, women forming a zimmun and leading birkat hamaazon has become increasingly common in Modern Orthodox circles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. None of these variations is ever used in practice: Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings. The practice of a cup of blessing is mentioned in the Talmud.

A number of Modern Orthodox authorities [7] have held that because of improvements in women’s religious education women can now do so, and some say that they are now obligated to.

According to Halakha when a minimum of three men eat bread as part of a meal together they are obligated to form a mezuman a “prepared gathering” with the addition of a few extra opening words whereby one man “invites” the others to join him in birkat hamazon. There is a practice in many Orthodox communities to wash the hands before reciting birkat hamazon. This practice is called mayim acharonim final waters.

Birkat Hamazon

Hebrew words and phrases Jewish prayer and ritual texts Jewish blessings Positive Mitzvoth. At birkat hamazon concluding the celebratory meal of a brit milah ritual circumcisionadditional introductory lines, known as Nodeh Leshimchaare added at the beginning and special ha-Rachaman prayers are inserted. When those present at the meal form a minyan a quorum of ten adult Jewish men there are further additions to the invitation.


A minority of Modern Orthodox authorities, citing earlier authorities including Meiri, Sefer HaMeorot and the Shiltei HaGibborim, also hold that 10 women can or should constitute a minyan for purposes of saying Zimmun B’Shem for birkat hamazon.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Birkat hamazon ibrchas typically read to oneself after ordinary meals and often sung aloud on special occasions such as the Shabbat and festivals.

Psalmeponymously called Shir Hama’alot Song of Ascentswhich expresses the Bircha hope of return to Zion following their final redemption, is widely recited by Ashkenazi Jews before Birkat Hamazon on ShabbatJewish holidaysand other days on which the penitential Tachanun prayer is not recited.

Orach Chayim – There are also SephardicYemenite and Italian versions. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Traditionally, the cover of the bencher is customized to reflect the event. Views Read Edit View history.

Archived from the original on 2 April Shacharit Preparation Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings. There are several known texts for birkat hamazon.

This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat According to the one opinion in the Talmud Berakhot 49bthere are special versions of the zimmun if birkat birchws is said by at least one hundred, one thousand or ten thousand seated at one meal. In particular, the Italian version hamazonn the ancient practice of commencing the second paragraph with Nachamenu on Shabbat.

Birkat Hamazon – Wikipedia

Sapphire from the Land of Israel: The length of the different Birkat hamazon can vary considerably, from benching under half a minute to more than 5 minutes. Birkat Hamazon is recited after consuming a meal eaten with bread.


The first three blessings are regarded as required by scriptural law:. On Hanukkah and Purim al ha-Nissim is added to the middle of the second blessing. An additional abbreviated form of birkat hamazon in Ladino, called Ya Comimosmay also be said. There is therefore no blessing said for this washing.

It is held that this, though a chovah duty[9] is not a mitzvah a commandmentas the practice was instituted for health reasons specifically, to avoid the danger of touching the eyes with harmful salts.

This is frequently followed by reciting four further lines of four other Psalms, Retrieved from ” https: A special ritual dispenser can be used to dispense the water, [10] but does not need to be.

The statutory birkat hamazon ends at the end of these four blessings, with the words, al yechasrenu Grace after meals. It contains the four essential blessings in a somewhat shortened form, with fewer preliminaries and additions.

Unlike in Conservative or Reform Judaismeven Orthodox authorities who hold that women can form a zimmun maintain that one cannot be formed from a combination of men and women. It is sufficient to wash until the second joint of the fingers. A Zimmun of 10 is called a Zimmun B’Shem.

If this prayer is also forgotten, nothing need be done.