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Beta-carotene: medium; vitamin E: low; riboflavin: low; folic acid: low; ascorbic acid: medium; calcium: low; iron: medium; protein: %. Young. EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a. Notes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION A beet with large crisp, fleshy leaf stalks and large leaves rather than enlarged roots. USES The midribs of the leaves are eaten.

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Modern sugar beets date back to midth century Silesia where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction. Koch Flavescens GroupB. The origin of the adjective “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland. Three subspecies are typically recognised. By var.ciclla this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Chard is one of the hardier leafy greens, with a harvest season typically lasting longer than kalespinach or baby greens.

Very small flowers sit in one- to three- rarely eight- flowered glomerules in var.ciclz axils of short bracts or in the upper half of the inflorescence without bracts. Look up chard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. According to the morphological and biochemical results obtained, it is concluded that the extract of this plant when administered by gavage may reduce blood glucose levels by regeneration of the B cells.

Beetroot remains have been excavated in the Third dynasty Saqqara pyramid at Thebes, Egyptand four charred beetroots were found in the Neolithic site of Aartswoud in the Netherlands though it has not been determined whether these were domesticated or wild forms of B.

The following other wikis use this file: The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. Chard is a biennial.


They are also pickled. The present study was carried out in order to detect whether this plant, used in folk remedies for decreasing blood glucose levels, affects pancreatic B cells and blood glucose.

This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat Webarchive template webcite links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata.

But, in a diabetic group given chard extract, an increase in the number of B cells of Langerhans vulgarie and in the secretory granules were noted, together with many hypertrophic Golgi apparatus and granules of low densities.

The taxonomy of vu,garis various cultivated races has a long and complicated history, they were treated at the rank of either subspeciesor convarieties or varieties.

Retrieved 21 May Beets are cultivated for fodder e. Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes. Spinach beet leaves are eaten as a pot herb.

EPPO Global Database

Archived from the original E-book on It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane. Neelix at English Wikipedia.

When chard is cooked by boiling, vitamin and mineral contents are reduced compared to raw chard, but still supply significant proportions of the DV table.

This photo depicts a plant. Chard Beta vulgaris L.

Chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) – World Vegetable Center

In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish. An International Journal of Medicine. The original description page was here. Chard, like other green leafy vegetables, has vvar.cicla nutritious leaves, making it a popular component of healthy diets. Some attribute the name to it having been first described by a Swiss botanist, either Gaspard Bauhin [12] or Karl Heinrich Emil Koch [13] although the latter was German, not Swiss.


Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ brta ‘Fordhook Giant’, as well as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’.

Cultivated beets are grown worldwide in regions without severe frosts. Description Chard Beta vulgaris var cicla. Beetroot cells are quite unstable and will ‘leak’ when cut, heated, or when in contact with air or sunlight.

The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments.

Beta vulgaris var. cicla – Plantinfo – EVERYTHING and ANYTHING about plants in SA

Beets are a food plant for the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species. The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.

Chard belongs to the var.cilawhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato. This work has vr.cicla released into the public domain by its author, Neelix at English Wikipedia. The “earthy” taste of some beetroot cultivars comes from the presence of geosmin.

I hold the copyright. The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta ” PDF. Koch Cicla GroupB. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beet. The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp.