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or both, the greater will be the deviation of the coverage calculation (This is also true to a lesser degree with Test Method D). For various reasons the. ASTM D is intended to provide a measure of the volume of dry coating obtainable from a given volume of liquid coating. This value is useful for comparing. Comparison of the ASTM D Method and the film thickness method for obtaining volume solids 3. Bibliography.

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This provides a more accurate determination of void volumes than can be obtained via liquid displacement.

ASTM D – 03 Standard Test Method for Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings

Purging the gas pycnometer flushes these materials from the film. The use of volume nonvolatile matter values in such instances should be carefully considered as the increased volume is largely due to air trapped in these voids.

One reason is that the volume occupied by a solution of resin in solvent may be the same, greater, or less than the total volume of the separate ingredients: The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.

This value is useful for comparing the coverage square feet of surface covered at a specified dry film thickness per unit volume obtainable with different coating v2697. Prior to this method a satisfactory procedure for measuring percent volume nonvolatile did not exist see Note 11 in Practice D Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.

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ASTM D2697 – 03(2014)

The values astk in parentheses are for information only. This value is useful for calculating the volatile organic content VOC of a coating and could be used to estimate the coverage square feet of surface covered at a specified dry film thickness per unit volume obtainable with different coating products. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

Above the critical pigment volume concentration, the apparent volume of the dry film is significantly greater than theoretical due f2697 the increase in unfilled voids between pigment particles. The approach used should provide faster and more accurate results than the use of the liquid displacement technique in Test Method Dparticularly for coatings that are difficult to wet or that contain voids, cracks or other defects. The improvement in accuracy stems from the superior ability of helium gas under pressure to penetrate very small pores and surface irregularities in dried films.

Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. One reason is that the volume occupied by a solution of resin in solvent may be the same, greater, or less than the total volume of the separate ingredients. In Practice D paragraph Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.

The use of volume nonvolatile matter values in such instances should be carefully considered as the increased volume is largely due to air trapped in these voids. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

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Helium solves this asfm since, as a gas, it readily penetrates and displaces air, water, and volatile solvents even at low pressures. Since the actual coverage of a coating includes the void volume and the porosity of the film, the coverage value calculated from this method will be inaccurate by that amount, that is, the actual coverage will be greater.

With high poly vinyl chloride PVC films, however, liquid displacement of air voids takes place with difficulty even under high pressures. An interlaboratory study axtm establish the precision of this test method included a water-reducible exterior latex paint and three automotive coatings that included a solvent-reducible primer surfacer, water reducible primer surfacer, water reducible enamel topcoat, and acrylic dispersion lacquer topcoat.

Such contraction or expansion of resin solutions is governed by a number of factors, one of which is the extent and direction of spread between solubility parameters of the resin and solvent. Above the critical pigment volume concentration, the apparent volume of the dry film is significantly greater than theoretical due to the increase in unfilled voids between pigment particles.

Earlier collaborative studies included a gloss enamel, a flat wall paint, a 2d697 house asm, an industrial baking enamel, an interior latex paint, and an exterior latex paint.

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.